Magento is an open source ecommerce web application launched on March 31, 2008. It was created by Varien, building on components of the Zend Framework.
Magento supports installation of modules through a web-based interface accessible through the administration area of a Magento installation. Modules are hosted on the Magento eCommerce website as a PEAR server. Any community member may upload a module through the website. The uploaded module is then made available to the full Magento community once approved by a member of the Magento team. Modules are installed by entering a module key, available on the module page, into the web based interface.
There are three categories of modules hosted on Magento Connect:
- Core Modules
- Community Modules
- Commercial Modules
Core and Community modules can be installed via the administration area. Commercial module pages provide price information and a link to an external website.
Magento uses PHP as a web server scripting language and the MySQL Database. The data model is based on the Entity-attribute-value model that stores data objects in tree structures, thus allowing a change to a data structure without changing the database definition.
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